Glossary: CBD Terms &
Quick Reference guide

Although popular, CBD is a fairly new term in the cannabis industry. We have compiled
some of the most widely used terms as a quick reference guide for those new to the
industry and those looking to brush up on there terminology.

2-AG (2-ARACHIDONOYLGLYCEROL

One of two endogenous cannabinoids identified–known to be abundant in the central nervous system.

ADULT USE

Refers to a term similar to recreational. Used by some state legislatures to describe cannabis dispensaries that serve patrons ages 21 and older.

ANANDAMIDE (AEA)

Another name for the endocannabinoid-signaling molecule AEA also called “the bliss molecule” is a lipid neurotransmitter that interacts with specific receptors in the body’s central nervous system.

BETA-CARYOPHYLLENE

A terpene found in some cannabis varieties.

BIOAVAILABILITY

Refers to how fast a substance (CBD) once ingested, can be absorbed into the bloodstream.

BROAD SPECTRUM

The cannabinoid profile of a CBD product, containing every element of the cannabis plant – including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other beneficial cannabinoids. 

CANNABICHROMENE (CBC)

CBC is a non-intoxicating. prominent phytocannabinoid with robust anti-inflammatory properties.

CANNABIDIOL (CBD)

CBD is a major phytocannabinoid the second most abundant, accounting for up to 40 percent of the cannabis plant. CBD can be sourced from both marijuana and hemp plants. Cannabidiol (CBD) boasts a wide range of potential therapeutic properties, which have created a high demand for products within various industries catering to animal health and human wellness.

CANNABIDIOLIC ACID (CBDA)

The raw acidic form of CBD found in some Himalayan varieties.

CANNABIGERL (CBG)

Cannabigerol (CBG) is the “parent phytocannabinoid” often called “mother of all cannabinoids” in cannabis. CBG is used by the plant’s enzymes to produce THC, and CBD. 

CANNABINOL (CBN)

CBN is a mildly intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. CBN is created when THC-A oxidizes. Cannabinol binds to the cannabinoid G-protein receptor CB2 (as opposed to CBD binding to the CB1 receptor).

CANNABINOID

Cannabinoids are a group of substances of the cannabis plant. In cannabis there are over 100 cannabinoids of which THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) are the most prevalent. Learn more about cannabinoids

CANNABINOID RECEPTORS

Are essential components of the body’s endogenous, or endocannabinoid system (ECS). Cannabinoid receptors are found within the body via CB1 and CB2 receptors.

CANNABINOID-1 RECEPTOR (CB1)

CB1 receptor is expressed primarily in the brain, central nervous system, lungs, liver, and kidneys of the body. CB1 receptors are activated by all types of cannabinoids and largely responsible for the efficacy (desired or intended result) of THC.

CANNABINOID-2 RECEPTOR (CB2)

CB2 is a receptor are primarily found primarily in immune cells that travel throughout the body.

CANNABIS

A genus of sturdy flowering plants in the cannabaceae family. Specified by species (Sativa or Indica) or by classification (marijuana or hemp). Cannabis is used to produce hemp, medicinal products, and adult-use stimulants. 

cannabis Sativa L

A plant species in the Cannabis genus. Refers to both agricultural hemp and marijuana, which are both sub species however different plants entirely.

capsules

Oral capsules that contain CBD designed to be taken by mouth like a regular supplement. They contain a perfectly measured serving size of CBD, taking the guesswork out of how much CBD you’re actually consuming.

CBD ISOLATE

The single CBD molecule, attained by processing hemp to remove all other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and plant material. The result is a crystalline powder that is 99.9% pure CBD.

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

A document issued by an internal quality assurance team or a third-party lab that verify or confirms that the product has passed inspection and meets regulatory standards. Certificates of Analysis or COAs can include information on cannabinoids, terpenes, heavy metals, pesticides, microbes, mycotoxins, moisture content, water activity, residual solvents, foreign or unknown materials.

DECARBOXYLATION

A chemical reaction that results from heating a cannabinoid to the point of removing a carboxyl group – thus enhancing the cannabinoid’s ability to interact with the body’s receptors. Decarboxylation is dependent on time and temperature.

ENDOCANNABINOID

An edogenous cannabinoid, or naturally occuring, nueromodulatory lipid in the human body.responsible for regulating a myriad of physical systems. Learn more about the amazing endocannabinoid system.

ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM (ECS)

A system of endogenous neuromodulator chemicals and their receptors found in mammalian brain and throughout the human body.

ENTOURAGE EFFECT

The idea that the full effects of CBD are realized when the cannabinoid works with other cannabis compounds, including other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. 

EXTRACTION

A method used to extract cannabinoids and other compounds from the cannabis plant. The two primary types of extraction methods used to extract CBD are CO2 extraction and ethanol extraction. Supercritical CO2 extraction is considered an industry leader because it is cleaner than other extraction methods and does not use harmful chemicals, allowing for a cleaner oil that is potentially safer to ingest than those made with other extraction methods.

farm bill 2018

Legalized growing hemp under federal law. In order for hemp to be considered legal under the 2018 Farm Bill, it must contain less than 0.3% THC. 

flavonoids

Bioactive compounds that are one of the three main compounds in cannabis that are believed to contribute to the entourage effect. To date, there have been some 20 flavonoids discovered in cannabis.  Flavonoids are responsible for plant pigmentation, disease prevention, UV light filtration and attraction of pollinating insects. Research shows that flavonoids contain antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-allergic potential. 

full spectrum

Full spectrum CBD contains all the beneficial compounds found in hemp, including all cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes that are suggested to contribute to the entourage effect. Full spectrum also includes trace amounts of less than 0.3% THC.

gummies (CBD)

A type of edible CBD product, similar to other gummy candies but infused with CBD. CBD gummies are one of the most popular types of CBD edibles available on the market. 

hemp

A type of the cannabis Sativa L. plant species that has been cultivated worldwide for thousands of years, used for fiber, food, textiles, and more. It’s an extremely versatile plant whose fibers can be used to create items such as paper, fabric, clothing, rope, building material, and more. There are several varieties of hemp, which naturally contain high concentrations of CBD and low levels of THC. Hemp contains a variety of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.